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ビジネス英語テクニック How to Use ‘Until’ and ‘By’ Correctly2015.04.28

Welcome to the first in a series of short English grammar blogs.

 

In today's lesson, we will explain the difference between "by" and "until".

 

We use ‘by’ to talk about things that must be done before a deadline:

 

  • My manager told me that the report must be handed in by tomorrow morning = before tomorrow morning comes.

  • The meeting should finish by the time the client arrives = before the client         gets there.

We tend to use ‘by’ when we want to talk about goals, targets or deadlines.

 

We use ‘until’ to talk about an action that will continue from now to a deadline:

 

  • Jim explained to Sarah that they had to continue hiring for jobs in the Tokyo office until they met the quota = hiring will continue from now to when the quota is full.

             

  • I think you should continue looking for a job in Japan until you find one = don't stop looking from now to when you get a job

             

We also tend to use ‘until’ for things that will continue for a while or will take time to do.

 

Next week, we will look at another common problem people encounter with English grammar.

 

Can you spot the mistakes in these sentences?

 

  1. Susan hasn't come back to the office yet. I think she has been to a seminar for the day.
  2. A: Are you going to visit your client today? B: It's okay. I have already gone.

 

We will look at the answers next time.

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この記事の筆者

Noel Bradshaw
ロゼッタストーンラーニングセンター COO

Noel Bradshawは、経営コンサルティング会社アクセンチュアのロンドン支店にて経営コンサルタントとしてのキャリアを積んだ後、2年間JETプログラムに参加。現在はロゼッタストーンラーニングセンターでCOOに就任し、運営全般の指揮を執る。

Noel Bradshaw is the COO of Rosetta Stone Learning Center and started his career at management consulting firm Accenture. He came to Japan with the JET programme before joining Rosetta Stone and has been with the company for 8 years.

ロゼッタストーン・ラーニングセンターは、世界No.1のロゼッタストーンの言語学習ソフトウェアとスクールでの完全マンツーマンレッスンを組み合わせた、効果的な新しい学習方法を提供しているスクールです。外資系・グローバル企業へ転職のキャリアアップをサポートします。


http://mydma.com/


If you want to make real progress with your language skills, then Rosetta Stone Learning Center is for you. Rosetta Stone Learning Center integrates the World's number 1 language learning software Rosetta Stone(R) together with high quality one-to-one in-school lessons to accelerate students towards their language goals. RSLC has 8 school locations in Tokyo and Osaka, easy lesson-scheduling, online 24/7 access to self-study resources and a variety of study options that makes it an ideal, flexible option for busy people. Let Rosetta Stone Learning Center support you through your next career move.

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